We have been renting for several years now, with the dream of one day owning our own land. When looking for land with the purpose to homestead, there are few factors to keep in mind...
- A source of water
- Good soil
- Pasture area
- Dry ground for a home
Always be sure to have a source of water!
If times should ever get tough, you need to have a clean source of water. If you have a well, it would be important to know how to draw the water up if there is no power. We take these things into consideration because water is essential for life. Water is also needed for day to day living like flushing toilets or bathing, washing hands, clothing, or dishes. When water is scarce, you suddenly feel the necessity of it. Even if you found a property with a pond, you could draw up the water, and then boil or filter out all impurities.
The sound of the water trickling and flowing is serene. With fresh water, comes other wonderful things like watercress, fish, elderberries, and other wonderful wild edibles. Deer and other game rely on this water so there is plenty of opportunities to hunt for food. Our sons are excited to help out by shooting some game to add to our family's food supply.
Depending on where you look, there are certain characteristics to the soil. In Tennessee, where we presently live, the soil is rocky. We call it CHIRT (a term used to describe dirt and gravel mixed together). This is what you have unless you happen to be located on creek bottom land. When you are in flood zones, you tend to have the most beautiful, rich soil. The drawback is that it could flood and that tears things up if you are not careful where you have things planted.
Many people in these parts have to build up their soil by adding a lot of extra organic matter. It can be done but it takes a lot more effort. People can make a raised bed garden on anything from concrete patios to rocky soil on a mountainside. The drawback for this is that it would be difficult to grow a huge amount of food. It would take a considerable amount of time to achieve and aside from gathering free material to build beds, it may also come with a considerable investment when starting out. When we were looking for land, that is something we took into consideration. We wanted to have good soil to start with.
Because we have creek bottom, we have black soil. We are excited to grow lots of produce. And we can grow enough to sell at the local farmer's market. That is our goal. The kids are getting old enough to grow their own things and make their own money for their labor of the land. It makes it more rewarding to them if they can reach their own goals by planning and working. It teaches them to become entrepreneurs.
If you planning to homestead, you need pasture area if you want to keep livestock. We have two milking Jersey cows and a steer which consume a large quantity of grass each year. If you do not have pasture area, you have to buy hay year round. That can be very costly and sometimes hay is hard to acquire. It is also good to have enough pasture so that the animals can be rotated.
Pasture rotation is a method where you graze one pasture and while the livestock is grazing on that pasture you allow another pasture to grow. When their pasture gets clipped down, you simply move them to the pasture that has grown up into full grass. On this property, we will have 3 pasture areas for ample rotation. Rotating pasture also keeps the parasites down and area clean. One of the other problems you face when tending a pasture is weed population.
It is good to routinely pluck or remove weeds from a pasture before they seed out. Once a weed has been allowed the opportunity to seed out, it will drop hundred of more potential weed plants that will have to be dealt with. For less maintenance, try goats. We plan to get a few goats to keep the weeds down. Goats are great for cleaning up the brushy weeds that the cows do not prefer.
Right now, we have a mess on our hands...
In our garden plot, there were dozens of old carpets and other trash laying about 3 inches under the soil. The boys have been working hard to pull all the debris out and clear out the tall brush before the tractors come in to work up the ground.
Dry Ground for a Home or Barn...
When looking for land, always ask neighbors and locals the history of the land. Sometimes a landholder will sell you land cheap for a reason that they choose not to disclose. I have seen everything from pollution, explosives, oil fracking, flood zones, and other problems that people want to avoid talking about. They sell because the land has undesirable qualities. If they tell you, you would not buy, so somethings are left for you to find out later. Neighbors in the area will willingly tell you what has happened. They know if there has been flooding on the property and how severe it can become. They will know if there are other undesirable qualities to the land or buildings. I have seen people build gorgeous new homes in a flood plane to end up with a moldy rotted mess years later. It is good to build on higher, dry ground. Even if there is no chance of flooding, basements do leak if they are not drained properly.
This property was not ideal for building a home. There are existing buildings that are in disrepair. Floods have done their damage to some of the buildings. We talked with neighbors before purchasing the property and found out that the flooding is due to clogging in the culverts nearby. As long as we keep the flow of water free from clogging, the creeks will swell but the damages will be minimal. It is all about awareness. When you know the potential effects, you can prepare ahead of time and come up with strategic ways of dealing with any issues that may arise. One can never be perfectly prepared because the unexpected can always happen, but it is good to always be considering ways to prepare yourself.
The Slayman family was comprised of hippies who turned to Jesus and raised their children off this land. The kids learned how to build and be resourceful. Today two of the four children are missionaries in foreign lands. They know how to survive on little and make the most with what they have. One of their boy's name is TJ Slayman who serves in South East Asia with his family. Read his full story here, this property we own is a part of his amazing story...https://nogreaterjoy.org/articles/gods-amazing-grace/
Our prayer is that in this grand endeavor we will grow closer as a family, working together for the greater good, and that our children will someday be inspired to serve God with their whole hearts using the skills they learned growing up. This is just a stepping stone to our adventurous journey as pilgrims in a foreign land.